HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège
HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège

L'entreprise familiale en Belgique. Atouts, faiblesses et transmission

Koudou, Annick-Laeticia ULiège
Promotor(s) : Robert, Jocelyne ULiège
Date of defense : 5-Sep-2018/11-Sep-2018 • Permalink :
Title : L'entreprise familiale en Belgique. Atouts, faiblesses et transmission
Author : Koudou, Annick-Laeticia ULiège
Date of defense  : 5-Sep-2018/11-Sep-2018
Advisor(s) : Robert, Jocelyne ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Kamto Kenmogne, Marius ULiège
Aouni, Zineb ULiège
Language : French
Number of pages : 62
Keywords : [fr] PME familiale , transmission d'entreprises
Discipline(s) : Business & economic sciences > General management & organizational theory
Name of the research project : L'entreprise familiale en Belgique, Atouts , Faiblesses et transmisssion
Target public : Professionals of domain
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en sciences de gestion
Faculty: Master thesis of the HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège


[fr] In Belgium, family businesses account for 69% of the total number of companies According to the Center for Entrepreneurship Studies of the University of Leuven (KUL), these SMEs account for 45% of employment and one third of GDP. Despite the importance of family smes in the Belgian economy, they face difficulties linked to the transmission from one generation to another. Indeed, although 64% of entrepreneurs want to pass on their business to their child, only 26% succeed.

The objective of this work will be to answer three research questions:

1. What are the hinderances and motivations of family business leaders regarding transmission?
2. How is the transmission going ?
3. What are the main difficulties encountered in the transfer of businesses?

To answer these questions, the present work will be articulated around two parts. The first part will be devoted to the world of SMEs, their importance in the European and Belgian economy.
Then, thanks to a synthetic course of the literature we will define the family business, its functioning, its strengths, its weaknesses, and the impact of the crisis on this form of entrepreneurship. On the one hand, we will discuss the procedures and methods of transmission of family SMEs as well as the factors to be considered in the choice of transmission mode. On the other hand, we will discuss the tax and legal aspects related to the transmission.
To understand the issue of transmission, we interviewed family business leaders in French-speaking Belgium in several sectors of activity in the second part of the work.
To conclude, combining the information from the literature on this theme and the lessons learned from our qualitative survey, we will propose some recommendations



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