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Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT)
Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT)
MASTER THESIS
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Impact of agricultural practices on soil and water conservation in potato fields

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Froehlicher, Adèle ULiège
Promotor(s) : Degré, Aurore ULiège
Date of defense : 28-Aug-2020 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/10461
Details
Title : Impact of agricultural practices on soil and water conservation in potato fields
Translated title : [fr] Impact des pratiques agricoles sur la conservation des sols et de l'eau en culture de pommes de terre
Author : Froehlicher, Adèle ULiège
Date of defense  : 28-Aug-2020
Advisor(s) : Degré, Aurore ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Wellens, Joost ULiège
Dierickx, Simon 
Dumont, Benjamin ULiège
Charles, Catherine ULiège
Language : English
Number of pages : 66
Keywords : [fr] Potato, reduced tillage, soil erosion, water conservation, silty loam, Belgium, Hydrus
Discipline(s) : Life sciences > Agriculture & agronomy
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en bioingénieur : sciences et technologies de l'environnement, à finalité spécialisée
Faculty: Master thesis of the Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT)

Abstract

[en] Grown worldwide, potato is one of the most important food crop on the planet. However, its cultivation raises growing environmental concerns, one of them being the issue of soil erosion. Agricultural practices to mitigate those effects are slowly emerging, one of them being known as autumn hilling. As the name suggests, hilling is performed in autumn and subjected to a biological ploughing over the winter. Potatoes can then be directly seeded into them. Since 2017, trials have been conducted on Belgian loamy soils to assess its viability in the region. The aims of this thesis were to assess the efficiency of the technique on erosion control and soil water storage enhancement. This was performed through a series of field measurements, soil characterization and the development of a water-flow simulation model on Hydrus 2D. Treatments effect did not show significant impact on erosion rates and runoff volume. This was attributed to a large variability in field conditions and to a delay in canopy development, which resulted in significantly lowered soil cover at the beginning of the growing season. However, the results of the model over the last 5 years have shown an increase in storage capacity by a factor of 2 in the autumn hills. Although these results require validation in view of the model's limitations, this observation gives a first piece of evidence towards enhanced water conservation capacities in autumn hills, compared to conventional potato cropping, which might prove of great significance in the context of climate change.


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Author

  • Froehlicher, Adèle ULiège Université de Liège > Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Wellens, Joost ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > DER Sc. et gest. de l'environnement (Arlon Campus Environ.) > Eau, Environnement, Développement
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Dierickx, Simon Greenotec
  • Dumont, Benjamin ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département GxABT > Phytotechnie tempérée
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Charles, Catherine ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département GxABT > Biosystems Dynamics and Exchanges
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Total number of views 143
  • Total number of downloads 519










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