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Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT)
Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT)
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Evaluation de l'impact de l'exploitation forestière sélective sur la biodiversité mammalienne à l'aide de pièges photographiques et de capteurs acoustiques dans le Sud-Est du Cameroun

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Tossens, Sarah ULiège
Promotor(s) : Doucet, Jean-Louis ULiège ; Scalbert, Morgane ULiège
Date of defense : 25-Aug-2021 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/13043
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Title : Evaluation de l'impact de l'exploitation forestière sélective sur la biodiversité mammalienne à l'aide de pièges photographiques et de capteurs acoustiques dans le Sud-Est du Cameroun
Translated title : [en] Assessment of the impact of selective logging on mammalian biodiversity using camera traps and acoustic sensors in southeast Cameroon
Author : Tossens, Sarah ULiège
Date of defense  : 25-Aug-2021
Advisor(s) : Doucet, Jean-Louis ULiège
Scalbert, Morgane ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Monty, Arnaud ULiège
Vermeulen, Cédric ULiège
Lejeune, Philippe ULiège
Language : French
Number of pages : 72
Keywords : [en] Tropical forests
[en] Defaunation
[en] Logging concessions
[en] Wildlife monitoring
[en] Camera traps
[en] Passive acoustic monitoring
[en] Forest elephant
[fr] Forêts tropicales
[fr] Defaunation
[fr] Concessions forestières
[fr] Inventaires faunistiques
[fr] Pièges photographiques
[fr] Inventaires acoustiques
[fr] Eléphant de forêt
Discipline(s) : Life sciences > Environmental sciences & ecology
Funders : PPECF (Programme de promotion de l’exploitation certifiée des forêts)
Name of the research project : Projet ELEFOR
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en bioingénieur : gestion des forêts et des espaces naturels, à finalité spécialisée
Faculty: Master thesis of the Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (GxABT)

Abstract

[en] Considering the importance of mammals in regulating ecological processes in rainforests and the constant expansion of logging in Central Africa, it is essential to study the influence of logging on mammalian communities. This study aims to (i) assess the impact of selective logging on mammalian biodiversity and (ii) compare two methods of surveying elephant populations, one using camera traps and the other using acoustic sensors. The study took place at the SEFAC logging company ; located in the South-East of Cameroon, north of the Lobéké National Park. Wildlife inventories were conducted in two sites with contrasting logging histories, the first having been logged until January 2021 and the second 17 to 45 years ago. In each of these, 12 camera traps and 6 acoustic sensors were set up on a 2 km2 sampling grid. Both devices were left in the field for 7 weeks. A total of 36 mammalian taxa were recorded in both study areas. The vast majority of species had comparable average detection rates between the two sites (p > 0.05). Similarly, the species richness, the species composition and the activity pattern of the most detected species varied only slightly between both areas. Regarding the second objective of this study, passive acoustic monitoring was characterized by a higher detection rate of elephants than camera trap surveys. The false positives produced by the acoustic data processing justify that the detection events of the two surveys do not follow the same trends from a temporal point of view. In clonclusion, this study confirms the high conservation potential of sustainably managed forest concessions. The one studied has a species richness comparable to the one estimated in an adjacent protected area and higher relative abundances of wild bongos, chimpanzees and elephants. This work also shows the quick recovery of mammalian communities after logging as long as hunting activities are contained. By investing in wildlife management and anti-poaching, logging concessions can act as ecological corridors at a landscape scale. Moreover, this study demonstrates the usefulness of acoustic and camera trap surveys in rainforests, it also explains their advantages and disadvantages. Further studies would help identify which type of survey is most appropriate for monitoring elephant populations. Finally, this study highlights the need to develop standardized protocols and efficient automatic detection algorithms to optimize these two survey methods.


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Author

  • Tossens, Sarah ULiège Université de Liège > Master bioingé. gest. forêts & esp. nat., à fin.

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Monty, Arnaud ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département GxABT > Biodiversité et Paysage
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Vermeulen, Cédric ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département GxABT > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Lejeune, Philippe ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département GxABT > Gestion des ressources forestières et des milieux naturels
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Total number of views 145
  • Total number of downloads 1










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