Faculté des Sciences appliquées
Faculté des Sciences appliquées

Travail de fin d'études / Projet de fin d'études : Understanding Urban Expansion and Informal Urbanization : A Case Study of Informal Settlements in Arequipa, Peru

Le Vaslot, Hugo ULiège
Promotor(s) : Teller, Jacques ULiège
Date of defense : 26-Jun-2023/27-Jun-2023 • Permalink :
Title : Travail de fin d'études / Projet de fin d'études : Understanding Urban Expansion and Informal Urbanization : A Case Study of Informal Settlements in Arequipa, Peru
Translated title : [fr] Etude de l'expansion urbaine des quartiers informels dans la ville d'Arequipa, Pérou
Author : Le Vaslot, Hugo ULiège
Date of defense  : 26-Jun-2023/27-Jun-2023
Advisor(s) : Teller, Jacques ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Ozer, Pierre ULiège
Vilela Malpartida, Marta 
Moretto, Luisa 
Language : English
Keywords : [en] Urban expansion, Informal urbanisation, informal settllements, Arequipa, Peru
Discipline(s) : Engineering, computing & technology > Architecture
Target public : Researchers
Professionals of domain
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master : ingénieur civil architecte, à finalité spécialisée en "urban and environmental engineering"
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences appliquées


[en] Based on scientific research conducted on the topic of urban expansion and informality, it
appears that only very few scientific works have established definitive criteria for describing
informal urbanization and its development patterns. This is primarily due to the inherent
complexity of the subject, which exhibits significant variations depending on the specific
country or city under examination. Conducting such studies is indeed challenging, as it
necessitates an analysis of the local socio-economic and social context, while also considering
the prevailing spatial planning policies at the local level.
Furthermore, the forthcoming work will concentrate on examining urban expansion in Peru,
with a specific focus on the city of Arequipa. This will be achieved through the integration of
various approaches and the utilization of different analytical criteria. The study aims to shed
light on the significant urbanization trends observed in recent decades, driven by substantial
population growth resulting from migration phenomena. It also aims to address the issue of
relative poverty among populations residing in informal settlements, primarily due to limited
resources, as well as the relatively lenient territorial management policies in place.
Considering the intricate nature of informal urbanization, the definitions and concepts related
to it will be established based on a thorough review of existing scientific research on the
subject. Through an investigation into the urbanization process of the city, involving the
analysis of demographic and housing trends, as well as an examination of various informal
settlements on the outskirts of Arequipa using historical satellite imagery, this study aims to
shed light on both the broader urbanization patterns within the city and the specific areas
that are susceptible to illegal land occupation. By considering multiple scales of analysis, the
research will reveal the dynamics of urban growth and identify vulnerable sites where
informal settlements have emerged.
The process of establishing informal settlements is influenced by several factors, including
significant population growth resulting from rural-urban migration, limited housing options
within the city, inadequate territorial governance, and a lack or absence of essential services
and infrastructure. These conditions have played a critical role in shaping the emergence and
development of these informal spaces. The study will explore how these interconnected
factors contribute to the creation of informal neighborhoods, highlighting the implications of
such conditions on urbanization dynamics in Arequipa.



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  • Le Vaslot, Hugo ULiège Université de Liège > Master ingé. civ. arch., à fin.


Committee's member(s)

  • Ozer, Pierre ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > DER Sc. et gest. de l'environnement (Arlon Campus Environ.) > Risques environnementaux et sanitaires
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Vilela Malpartida, Marta
  • Moretto, Luisa
  • Total number of views 12
  • Total number of downloads 154

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