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Final work : Numerical analysis of surface roughness impact on the aerodynamic damping of an axial transonic compressor

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Canela Curiel, Pablo ULiège
Promotor(s) : Salles, Loïc ULiège
Date of defense : 4-Sep-2023/5-Sep-2023 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/18380
Details
Title : Final work : Numerical analysis of surface roughness impact on the aerodynamic damping of an axial transonic compressor
Author : Canela Curiel, Pablo ULiège
Date of defense  : 4-Sep-2023/5-Sep-2023
Advisor(s) : Salles, Loïc ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Hillewaert, Koen ULiège
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULiège
Tavera Guerrero, Carlos 
Language : English
Keywords : [en] Surface roughness correlation
[en] equivalent sandgrain height
[en] transonic compressor
[en] flutter
[en] aerodynamic damping
[en] VINK
[en] CFD
Discipline(s) : Engineering, computing & technology > Aerospace & aeronautics engineering
Research unit : KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Heat and Power Technology
Target public : Researchers
Professionals of domain
Student
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Degree: Master en ingénieur civil en aérospatiale, à finalité spécialisée en "turbomachinery aeromechanics (THRUST)"
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences appliquées

Abstract

[en] Current trends in advanced design of turbomachinery structures are leading to more loaded, lighter and slender blades. These characteristics make them prone to aeroelastic instabilities, such as flutter. Moreover, blades are continuously exposed to the incoming flow carrying pollutants and external particles that can affect the smoothness of the blade surface. It is well known the detrimental effect that surface roughness has in the performance of the machine. However, there is a lack of studies regarding the effects of surface roughness in the aeroelastic stability. This is the main focus of this thesis.

Studies regarding surface roughness modelling are scattered and contain very diverse information and conclusions on the topic. There exists a wide range of parameters and equations to correlate physical measurements and equivalent sandgrain roughness height, ks. From a turbomachinery perspective, a literature review on the current stage of surface roughness modelling has been performed. A final correlation is chosen as the most suitable to model surface roughness in compressors, based on the simplicity to measure the physical parameters included, and the high degree of correlation with ks.

A numerical study using ANSYS CFX is performed to evaluate the impact of surface roughness in the aeroelastic stability of a transonic axial compressor. The study case is the first stage (R1S1B) of the VINK compressor. First, a set of seven different ks values are evaluated with a steady-state analysis. Results show a negative impact on performance, reducing efficiency, mass flow rate and pressure ratio. Due to blockage effects, a change in incidence angle is found, causing a change in passage shock location and strength. A smaller set of just three ks values is selected for the flutter analysis just on the rotor domain. The aerodynamic damping is computed for nodal diameters 0, +/-3 and +/-15. Results show different trends depending on the nodal diameter evaluated. According to the study, surface roughness has a small positive impact for the least stable modes, slightly increasing the aerodynamic damping. The contrary happens for the most stable NDs, where surface roughness induces a reduction in the aerodynamic damping, but without being enough to shift the value to the unstable region. Some limitations are encountered, mainly due to the oversimplification of roughness with ks, and the assumption of a tuned system, removing the effects of mistuning. Future work is proposed in order to reduce and overcome the limitations here identified.


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Author

  • Canela Curiel, Pablo ULiège Université de Liège > Master ingé. civ. aérospat., à fin. (THRUST)

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Hillewaert, Koen ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Design of Turbomachines
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Interactions Fluide-Structure - Aérodynamique expérimentale
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Tavera Guerrero, Carlos
  • Total number of views 64
  • Total number of downloads 148










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