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Faculté des Sciences appliquées
Faculté des Sciences appliquées
MASTER THESIS
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Characterization and Mechanical Treatment of Spent Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries

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Stankovic, Nicolas ULiège
Promotor(s) : Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan ULiège
Date of defense : 26-Jun-2019/27-Jun-2019 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/6460
Details
Title : Characterization and Mechanical Treatment of Spent Nickel Metal Hydride Batteries
Translated title : [fr] Caractérisation et traitement mécanique des batteries nickel-métal hydrure
Author : Stankovic, Nicolas ULiège
Date of defense  : 26-Jun-2019/27-Jun-2019
Advisor(s) : Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Pirard, Eric ULiège
Job, Nathalie 
Chagneau, Justine 
Language : English
Number of pages : 104
Keywords : [fr] Battery, recycling, nickel, hydrometallurgy, pyrometellurgy, leaching, dismantling
[fr] characterization, leaching, milling
Discipline(s) : Engineering, computing & technology > Materials science & engineering
Funders : Fonroche Lighting
Target public : Researchers
Professionals of domain
Student
General public
Other
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Cours supplémentaires destinés aux étudiants d'échange (Erasmus, ...)
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences appliquées

Abstract

[en] The present master’s thesis has been realized in Agen (Lot-et-Garonne, France) inside the research and development department of Fonroche Lighting, company specialized in solar lighting. Indeed, the company offers a lighting street with a solar panel, a nickel-metal hydride battery and a lighting lantern. In order to integrate the circularity of their product, Fonroche Lighting aims to recycle these batteries that contain valuable materials. This study is then composed of a state of the art including historic and development of the batteries, composition and chemical reactions involved in the functional system of nickel-metal hydride batteries, a contextualization about scarcity and depletion of raw materials that European Union and the world have to face, and bibliography about recycling of the nickel-metal hydride batteries focusing in majority on recovery of metals by mechanical treatments. A study of the product to be recycled has been realized including manual dismantling in order to identify the different components followed by a characterization of the electrodes by elemental analyses. This characterization permitted to know in what the batteries are made of, and which metals should be targeted for recovery during the recycling process. After that, milling tests were performed on batteries and the outputs have been size classified by sieving. In order to concentrate as much as possible the metals in the sieved outputs obtained, magnetic separations have been made for each size fractions, and three others outputs recovered for each of them. These outputs were then analyzed by elemental analyses to know their content in elements and see in which fractions they are concentrated. To go further in the recycling process and metals recovery, two leaching tests have been realized to confirm the potential and the possible perspectives of recovery of these metals by hydrometallurgy route and start a prelude of what could be a research and creation of a recycling process using this technology. Finally to finish this study, a business case and an economic study are proposed in order to estimate the viability of the recycling project for nickel-metal hydride batteries by the company.


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Author

  • Stankovic, Nicolas ULiège Université de Liège > conv. Erasmus en sc. appl.

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Pirard, Eric ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département ArGEnCo > Géoressources minérales & Imagerie géologique
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Job, Nathalie Université de Liège > Chimie > Chemical engineering
  • Chagneau, Justine
  • Total number of views 47
  • Total number of downloads 2










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