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Faculté des Sciences appliquées
Faculté des Sciences appliquées
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Preliminary design of a Type V gaseous hydrogen tank and study of the sloshing in a cylindrical liquid hydrogen tank

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Evans, Dimitri ULiège
Promotor(s) : Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULiège
Date of defense : 24-Jun-2021/25-Jun-2021 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/11721
Details
Title : Preliminary design of a Type V gaseous hydrogen tank and study of the sloshing in a cylindrical liquid hydrogen tank
Author : Evans, Dimitri ULiège
Date of defense  : 24-Jun-2021/25-Jun-2021
Advisor(s) : Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Boman, Romain ULiège
Séverin, Pierre 
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULiège
Language : English
Keywords : [en] hydrogen
[en] tank
[en] liquid hydrogen
[en] aircraft
[en] Filament winding
[en] sloshing
Discipline(s) : Engineering, computing & technology > Aerospace & aeronautics engineering
Commentary : It is confidential. It can not be distributed.
Research unit : Coexpair
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en ingénieur civil en aérospatiale, à finalité spécialisée en "aerospace engineering"
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences appliquées

Abstract

[en] The trend towards hydrogen technologies has recently gained weight in order to reduce fossil fuel CO2 emissions. On this path, Coexpair has developed an interest in hydrogen storage. \\
In this context, this master's thesis presents first the different types of pressure vessels available on the market to understand the benefits of the all-composite Type~V tanks. A literature review of the past and current use of hydrogen in the transport industry is conducted to identify the type of tank used for each dedicated transportation mean. \\
This report proposes a methodology for the preliminary design of a Type~V filament-wound pressure vessel to store gaseous hydrogen for a tugboat application. A complete analytical study is conducted to determine the optimal domes geometry and the winding angle evolution over them based on non-geodesic trajectories. The classical lamination theory is used to compute the thickness required in the pressure vessel parts and a recent formulation is employed to compute the thickness evolution in the domes considering fibers overlap. A finite element analysis is led for the cylindrical part of the vessel to highlight the limitations of the analytical study. The tank is compared to other designs present on the market through performance indices, showing that the proposed design presents an added value. \\
The last part of the report studies the sloshing inside a liquid hydrogen tank for a medium-range aircraft using the Particle Finite Element Method developed at the University of Liège. The results provided by the simulations are corroborated by an experimental test conducted with a test tank. The parameters used to conduct the simulations and their implication are highlighted. Free-surface evolution and pressure fluctuations are presented for horizontal and vertical sloshing in a full-size cylindrical tank.


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Author

  • Evans, Dimitri ULiège Université de Liège > Master ingé. civ. aérospat., à fin.

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Boman, Romain ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Séverin, Pierre
  • Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Interactions Fluide-Structure - Aérodynamique expérimentale
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
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