HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège
HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège

Unemployment and labour market policies: a comparative analysis of Belgium and Germany

Hames, Mike ULiège
Promotor(s) : Lejeune, Bernard ULiège
Date of defense : 31-Aug-2021/6-Sep-2021 • Permalink :
Title : Unemployment and labour market policies: a comparative analysis of Belgium and Germany
Translated title : [fr] Chômage et politiques du marché du travail: une analyse comparative de la Belgique et de l'Allemagne
Author : Hames, Mike ULiège
Date of defense  : 31-Aug-2021/6-Sep-2021
Advisor(s) : Lejeune, Bernard ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Perelman, Sergio ULiège
Schoenmaeckers, Jérome ULiège
Language : English
Number of pages : 68
Keywords : [en] Labor Economics Policies
[en] Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job search
[en] Unemployment Insurance
[en] Skills
[en] Vacancies
[en] Retirement
[en] Geographic Labor Mobility
[en] Immigrant Workers
Discipline(s) : Business & economic sciences > Multidisciplinary, general & others
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en sciences économiques, orientation générale, à finalité spécialisée en macroeconomics and finance
Faculty: Master thesis of the HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège


[en] The goal of this thesis is to do a comparative analysis of the effects of labour market policies on unemployment. The two countries of comparison are Belgium and Germany. The aim is to take studies that have been done so far and to compare their results for both countries. Therefore, some reasons for the existence of unemployment will be presented, before moving to a description of several labour market policies, which include unemployment compensation schemes. Then, the effects of unemployment benefits will be discussed in a more detailed way, especially in the case of a reduction in the duration and the generosity of unemployment benefits. Although most policies seem to have similar effects in Belgium and Germany, some heterogeneities persist. Some policies have a stronger impact on unemployment than others, and in some cases, differences within the groups of the unemployed can be identified. All in all, however, it can be seen that the effects of the labour market policies are mostly in line with what is predicted by the literature. Being a broad and complex topic, the elements presented in this thesis are not exhaustive. The framework of this work would otherwise have been exceeded.



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  • Hames, Mike ULiège Université de Liège > Master sc. éco., or. gén., à fin.


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