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Faculté des Sciences
Faculté des Sciences
MASTER THESIS
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Assessment of Marine Biodiversity in the National Marine Park of Zakynthos, Ionian Island, Greece

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Belkhodja, Syrine ULiège
Promotor(s) : Gobert, Sylvie ULiège ; Gerovasileiou, Vasilis
Date of defense : 7-Sep-2022 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/16404
Details
Title : Assessment of Marine Biodiversity in the National Marine Park of Zakynthos, Ionian Island, Greece
Translated title : [fr] Évaluation de la biodiversité marine dans le parc marin national de Zakynthos, île Ionienne, Grèce
Author : Belkhodja, Syrine ULiège
Date of defense  : 7-Sep-2022
Advisor(s) : Gobert, Sylvie ULiège
Gerovasileiou, Vasilis 
Committee's member(s) : Capet, Arthur ULiège
Michel, Christian ULiège
Jauniaux, Thierry ULiège
Language : English
Number of pages : 90
Keywords : [en] Zakynthos Island, Ionian Sea, Marine Protected Areas, Marine biodiversity, Conservation status
Discipline(s) : Life sciences > Aquatic sciences & oceanology
Commentary : Erasmus in the Ionian University, Department of Environment, Zakynthos, Greece
Funders : Ionian University and National Marine Park of Zakynthos (NMPZ)
Research unit : Ionian University and National Marine Park of Zakynthos (NMPZ)
Name of the research project : Assessment of Marine Biodiversity in the National Marine Park of Zakynthos, Ionian Island, Greece
Target public : Researchers
Professionals of domain
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en océanographie, à finalité approfondie
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences

Abstract

[en] The National Marine Park of Zakynthos (NMPZ) was the first established National Marine Park in Greece. The aim of this National Park is to protect the nesting sites of the loggerhead turtle, Caretta caretta, located mainly in the core zone of the Marine Protected Area (MPA) of the NMPZ. The aim of this study was to develop - for the first time - a comprehensive database of all the marine biodiversity of this MPA. Species occurrence records were retrieved from the scientific and grey literature, along with relevant spatio-temporal meta-data. QGIS maps were created to visualise distribution patterns of the marine biota per area of the MPA. Multidimensional scaling and CLUSTER analyses were performed to investigate ressemblance patterns using Jaccard index. Two biodiversity indices, ∆+ and Λ+, were used to investigate the taxonomic distinctness (and variation) of marine biodiversity for specific habitats/zones. It appears that P. oceanica meadows and rocky reefs are the richest habitats, while marine caves harbour unique and diverse fauna. Zone Iɑ was found to host the highest species richness and phylogenetic diversity. Introduced species increase over time and further studies are needed to monitor alien and protected species in the NMPZ.


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Access Master thesis_Belkhodja_Syrine.pdf
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Access Database_NMPZ.xlsx
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Access Appendix_Database_NMPZ.xlsx
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Author

  • Belkhodja, Syrine ULiège Université de Liège > Master en océanogra., à fin.

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Capet, Arthur ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > MAST (Modeling for Aquatic Systems)
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Michel, Christian ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Jauniaux, Thierry ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de morphologie et pathologie (DMP) > Département de morphologie et pathologie (DMP)
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Total number of views 27
  • Total number of downloads 2










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