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Faculté de Médecine
Faculté de Médecine
MASTER THESIS
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Thesis, COLLÉGIALITÉ

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Diez, Théo ULiège
Promotor(s) : Vandewalle, Gilles ULiège
Date of defense : 5-Jul-2023 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/17569
Details
Title : Thesis, COLLÉGIALITÉ
Translated title : [fr] Neuro-imagerie des effets non formateurs d'images de la lumière sur le locus coeruleus
Author : Diez, Théo ULiège
Date of defense  : 5-Jul-2023
Advisor(s) : Vandewalle, Gilles ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Seutin, Vincent ULiège
Phillips, Christophe ULiège
Bastin, Christine ULiège
Language : English
Number of pages : 38
Keywords : [en] Locus coeruleus
[en] Light
[en] attention
[en] psychomotor vigilance task
Discipline(s) : Human health sciences > Neurology
Research unit : GIGIA CRC in vivo imaging
Name of the research project : BOOSTMEM
Target public : Researchers
Professionals of domain
Student
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en sciences biomédicales, à finalité approfondie
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté de Médecine

Abstract

[en] Light, especially the blue spectrum, has a variety of non-image forming (NIF) effects on our brain. By maximally acting on the melanopsin photopigments of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), blue light can improve mood, regulate our circadian cycle and enhance cognitive func-tions such as memory or attention. Through NIF pathways, light could notably impact the activity of the locus coeruleus (LC), a tiny rod-shaped nucleus of the dorsal tegmentum with ascending projections to the neocortex. It is the main source of norepinephrine (NE) secreted in the brain. LC neurons are thought to orchestrate attention by switching between a tonic and a phasic mode of firing. Still, our present understanding of the roles of the LC and the underlying mechanisms of NIF effects is uncom-plete. Our goal was to determine if blue-enriched light could increase the LC activity during an atten-tional task. We used 7T fMRI to assess brain activity of healthy older participants during a psychomo-tor vigilance task (PVT), while pseudo-randomly exposed to light. Light exposures consisted in short 30 seconds blocks of blue-enriched and orange light separated by 15 seconds period of darkness. We did not observe any increase in LC activation during the blue-enriched light condition compared to the orange one. However, we detected higher activity in several regions involved in sustained attention and relevant to NIF effects of light. While we did not demonstrate a significant impact of blue-enriched light on the activity of the LC, our results suggest that blue-enriched light increase sustained attention. This thesis unveils new perspectives and indications in line with the research about the impact of blue light on cognition.


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Author

  • Diez, Théo ULiège Université de Liège > Master sc. bioméd., à fin.

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Seutin, Vincent ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Pharmacologie
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Phillips, Christophe ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore)
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Bastin, Christine ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de Psychologie > Département de Psychologie
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Total number of views 20
  • Total number of downloads 3










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