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Faculté des Sciences appliquées
Faculté des Sciences appliquées
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Travail de fin d'études et stage[BR]- Travail de fin d'études : Towards the Integration of Casting Simulations to a Structural Topology Optimization Framework[BR]- Stage d'insertion professionnelle

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Yi Mon Theint ULiège
Promotor(s) : Tromme, Emmanuel ULiège
Date of defense : 26-Jan-2024 • Permalink : http://hdl.handle.net/2268.2/19569
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Title : Travail de fin d'études et stage[BR]- Travail de fin d'études : Towards the Integration of Casting Simulations to a Structural Topology Optimization Framework[BR]- Stage d'insertion professionnelle
Translated title : [en] Towards the Integration of Casting Simulations to a Structural Topology Optimization Framework
Author : Yi Mon Theint ULiège
Date of defense  : 26-Jan-2024
Advisor(s) : Tromme, Emmanuel ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Béchet, Eric ULiège
Duysinx, Pierre ULiège
Fernandez Sanchez, Eduardo Felipe ULiège
Language : English
Number of pages : 60
Keywords : [en] topology optimization, manufacturing, casting, constraints, flows with heat transfer, OpenFOAM
Discipline(s) : Engineering, computing & technology > Mechanical engineering
Target public : Researchers
Professionals of domain
Student
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en ingénieur civil mécanicien, à finalité spécialisée en technologies durables en automobile
Faculty: Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences appliquées

Abstract

[en] Cost-effective lightweight design emerges as a pivotal focus for the automotive industry's future. Global competitiveness, stringent regulatory standards, and the integration of weight-intensive electronic elements in modern propulsion systems require the development of lighter, more efficient chassis components.

With this perspective, topology optimization is extensively applied for the design of lightweight components. The casting process stands as a time and cost-efficient method for automotive mass production, widely adapted within the industry. Typically, weight optimization process does not consider castability, leading to later-stage modifications . These modifications incur additional time spent for manufacturability and often result in a heavier design than the initially optimized one. This thesis introduces an optimization process that optimizes weight and castability concurrently during the early design phase, offering a solution to this challenge.

The study focuses on incorporating casting simulations into previously developed topology optimization framework, which involves accommodating geometric casting constraints, including directional molding, split-drawing, minimum member size, and draft angle considerations. A previously established Python code, designed for topology optimization incorporating casting constraints, offers flexibility and scalability. This code utilizes the open-source FEniCS Project as its finite element software, enabling the utilization of PETSc as a backend for linear algebra operations to enhance efficiency. A casting simulation is performed using OpenFOAM, focusing on flows involving heat transfer. A dedicated solver, employing the continuous adjoint approach, is implemented within OpenFOAM to calculate sensitivities. These outcomes are then merged with the topology optimization optimizer in FEniCS, leading to the establishment of an integrated optimization approach.

The established solver undergoes validation by comparing the sensitivities computed with the finite difference method. Subsequently, the integrated approach's validation is carried out through a 2-dimensional cantilever beam problem.


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Author

  • Yi Mon Theint ULiège Université de Liège > Master ing. civ. méc. fin. spéc. techno. dur. auto.

Promotor(s)

Committee's member(s)

  • Béchet, Eric ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Conception géométrique assistée par ordinateur
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Duysinx, Pierre ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Vice-Recteur à la mobilité et à l'international
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Fernandez Sanchez, Eduardo Felipe ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > LTAS-Mécanique numérique non linéaire
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
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  • Total number of downloads 48










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