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HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège

Les problèmes de l'industrie agroalimentaire: les motivations et les pratiques mises en oeuvre par les initiatives de "circuit-court". Enquête en Province de Liège

Hennen, Pierre ULiège
Promotor(s) : Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULiège
Date of defense : 5-Sep-2018/11-Sep-2018 • Permalink :
Title : Les problèmes de l'industrie agroalimentaire: les motivations et les pratiques mises en oeuvre par les initiatives de "circuit-court". Enquête en Province de Liège
Author : Hennen, Pierre ULiège
Date of defense  : 5-Sep-2018/11-Sep-2018
Advisor(s) : Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULiège
Committee's member(s) : Maréchal, Kevin ULiège
Lanzi, Florence ULiège
Language : French
Number of pages : 144 pages de la première à la quatrième de couverture - 70 pages de "corps de texte"
Keywords : [en] Agriculture
[en] Agribusiness
[en] Market failures
[en] Power imbalance
[en] Food sovereignty
[en] Organic farming
[en] Agroecology
[en] Short food supply chains
[en] Social enterprise
[en] Belgium
Discipline(s) : Business & economic sciences > Social economics
Life sciences > Agriculture & agronomy
Business & economic sciences > Production, distribution & supply chain management
Life sciences > Food science
Target public : Researchers
Professionals of domain
General public
Institution(s) : Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique
Degree: Master en sciences de gestion, à finalité spécialisée en Social Enterprise Management
Faculty: Master thesis of the HEC-Ecole de gestion de l'Université de Liège


[en] Over the last two centuries, the emergence of new technologies has profoundly changed the
way food is produced, distributed and consumed. Shifting from an agricultural to an
agribusiness status, the food system comprises nowadays a multitude of actors which are highly
dependent on one another with farmers being the least fortunate. Upwards, the latter depend on
a few multinational company owning the seeds and inputs essential to their production.
Downwards, a few powerful processers and distributors put pressure on their prices and impose
more and more constraints on them.
But not only farmers suffer from this evolution. The opacity of the whole food supply chain
leaves consumers unaware of the food they eat and conventional farming leads to the
destruction of biodiversity and environment as a whole.
Thus, a few actors decide to take actions to counter the undesirable effects generated by the
food system. By opting for alternative production methods – such as organic farming – and by
distributing food directly to final consumers, producers can free themselves from the companies
upwards and recoup the added-value they had lost to the benefit of the powerful companies
In a first phase, this thesis introduces the problems of the food sector explaining them through
the concept of Market Failures. Then, the concept of Short Food Supply Chains is defined and
the organizations falling within its scope are listed and classified.
In a second phase, by carrying out a survey in the province of Liège (Belgium), this work seeks
to appreciate the diversity of these organizations. What activities do they carry out? What forms
do they take? What are the profiles of their creators and members? How do they finance
themselves? Then, the link between the profile of the members and creators of these
organizations, their motivations – the problems of the food sector they address – and their
practices – the actions they take to tackle those problems – is examined. Finally, the consistency
between the actions they take and the failures against which they claim to fight is reviewed.



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  • Hennen, Pierre ULiège Université de Liège > Master sc. gest., à fin.


Committee's member(s)

  • Maréchal, Kevin ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > Agronomie, Bio-ingénierie et Chimie (AgroBioChem) > Modélisation et développement
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
  • Lanzi, Florence ULiège Université de Liège - ULiège > HEC Liège : UER > Social Entrepreneurship
    ORBi View his publications on ORBi
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  • Total number of downloads 40

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