Master thesis and internship[BR]- Master's Thesis : Study, development and tests of two methods to determine the degree of linear polarization of auroral light[BR]- Internship (linked to master's thesis)
Promotor(s) : Loicq, Jerôme
Date of defense : 7-Sep-2020/9-Sep-2020 • Permalink :
|Title :||Master thesis and internship[BR]- Master's Thesis : Study, development and tests of two methods to determine the degree of linear polarization of auroral light[BR]- Internship (linked to master's thesis)|
|Translated title :||[fr] Etude, développement et tests de deux méthodes pour déterminer le degré de polarisation linéaire des lumières aurorales|
|Author :||Jottrand, Félix|
|Date of defense :||7-Sep-2020/9-Sep-2020|
|Advisor(s) :||Loicq, Jerôme|
|Committee's member(s) :||Lamy, Hervé
|Discipline(s) :||Engineering, computing & technology > Aerospace & aeronautics engineering|
|Institution(s) :||Université de Liège, Liège, Belgique|
|Degree:||Master en ingénieur civil en aérospatiale, à finalité spécialisée en "aerospace engineering"|
|Faculty:||Master thesis of the Faculté des Sciences appliquées|
[en] This master thesis presents two instruments to determine the degree of linear polarization of au-roral light using Stokes parameters. Both instrumentation will focus on the three brightest linesof the visible spectrum:λ=427.8 nm,λ=577.7 nm andλ=630.0 nm. The first method uses atelescope to collect the light and a spectropolarimeter to disperse it. Optical devices are added tomanipulate the light and alter polarization before the spectropolarimeter. It has faced significantlow flux reception during previous missions that prevented to obtain accurate results. For that rea-son, a complete radiometric budget followed by a modelisation in CODE V of the light path wererealised to first quantify and then minimize these losses, mainly located at the exit of the telescopeand at the matcher of the spectropolarimeter. The outputs of this study allowed to increase thesignal-to-noise ratio of the detector. The second instrument directly selects the wavelength thanksto a set of two acousto-optic tunable filters, which replaces the function of the telescope and thespectropolarimeter. Experimental tests using laboratory lasers were run to calibrate and evaluatethe response of the instrument in frequency for each wavelength. This instrument has been usedin an auroral observation ground mission in Norway, which showed the good functioning of theinstrument. Unfortunately, the auroral light emission was poor in intensity and the results werenot enough convincing. As both instrumentation use different ways to diffract light, a comparisonof the two methods can be considered. Finally, an adaptation for more extreme conditions, suchas low temperature and pressure is presented at the end of this report.
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